Isolation of a reassortant H13N2 virus from a mallard fecal sample in South Korea
1 Avian Disease Division, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, 175 Anyangro, Anyangsi, Gyeonggido, 430-757, Republic of Korea
2 Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, 175 Anyangro, Anyangsi, Gyeonggido, 430-757, Republic of Korea
Virology Journal 2012, 9:133 doi:10.1186/1743-422X-9-133Published: 23 July 2012
Virus subtype H13N2, A/mallard/Kr/SH38-45/2010 (H13N2), was first isolated from a mallard fecal sample in South Korea.
Phylogenetic analysis of all eight viral genes revealed that this virus emerged by genetic mixing between Eurasian and North American gene pools, and possibly between wild ducks and gulls. The H13 and N2 surface genes clustered together in a group with Eurasian isolates from gulls and wild birds, respectively. The PB2, PA, NP, M and NS segments belonged to the Eurasian lineage, whereas the PB1 gene clustered in the North American lineage. Furthermore, they showed a bird-dependent pattern in phylogenetic analysis: the M gene was similar to subtype H13 viruses within gulls, whereas other segments were similar to avian influenza viruses of other subtypes from wild ducks.
The data suggests that the novel reassortant H13N2 virus isolated in South Korea might have emerged by genetic reassortment between intercontinental and interspecies transmission in wild birds.