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Genetic characterization of H1N2 influenza a virus isolated from sick pigs in Southern China in 2010

Wei Li Kong, Liang Zong Huang, Hai Tao Qi, Nan Cao, Liang Quan Zhang, Heng Wang, Shang Song Guan, Wen Bao Qi, Pei Rong Jiao, Ming Liao and Gui Hong Zhang*

Author Affiliations

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China

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Virology Journal 2011, 8:469  doi:10.1186/1743-422X-8-469

Published: 13 October 2011

Abstract

In China H3N2 and H1N1 swine influenza viruses have been circulating for many years. In January 2010, before swine were infected with foot and mouth disease in Guangdong, some pigs have shown flu-like symptoms: cough, sneeze, runny nose and fever. We collected the nasopharyngeal swab of all sick pigs as much as possible. One subtype H1N2 influenza viruses were isolated from the pig population. The complete genome of one isolate, designated A/swine/Guangdong/1/2010(H1N2), was sequenced and compared with sequences available in GenBank. The nucleotide sequences of all eight viral RNA segments were determined, and then phylogenetic analysis was performed using the neighbor-joining method. HA, NP, M and NS were shown to be closely to swine origin. PB2 and PA were close to avian origin, but NA and PB1were close to human origin. It is a result of a multiple reassortment event. In conclusion, our finding provides further evidence about the interspecies transmission of avian influenza viruses to pigs and emphasizes the importance of reinforcing swine influenza virus (SIV) surveillance, especially before the emergence of highly pathogenic FMDs in pigs in Guangdong.