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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Resistance of polio to its eradication in Pakistan

Masaud Shah, Muhammad Kazim Khan, Saleha Shakeel, Faiza Mahmood, Zunaira Sher, Muhammad Bilal Sarwar and Aleena Sumrin*

Author Affiliations

National Center of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

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Virology Journal 2011, 8:457  doi:10.1186/1743-422X-8-457

Published: 2 October 2011

Abstract

Background

This study is based on EPI (Expanded Program on Immunization) immunization surveys and surveillance of polio, its challenges in immunization and the way forward to overcome these challenges.

Methods

Several Government documents, survey reports and unpublished program documents were studied and online search was made to find information on EPI Pakistan. SPSS 16 and Microsoft Excel 2007 were used for the statistical analysis.

Results

Immunization against polio is higher in urban areas as compared to rural areas. Marked variation in vaccination has been observed in different provinces of Pakistan in the last decade. Secondly 10-20% of the children who have received their first dose of trivalent polio vaccine were deprived of their 2nd and 3rd dose because of poor performance of EPI and Lack of information about immunization.

Conclusion

In spite of numerous successes, such as the addition of new vaccines and raising immunization to over 100% in some areas, EPI is still struggling to reach its polio eradication goals. Inadequate service delivery, lack of information about immunization and limited number of vaccinators were found to be the key reason for poor performance of immunization and for large number of cases reported each year due to the deficiency of second and third booster dose.

Keywords:
Polio; immunization; vaccines; EPI; Pakistan