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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Distribution characteristics of DNA vaccine encoded with glycoprotein C from Anatid herpesvirus 1 with chitosan and liposome as deliver carrier in ducks

Kunfeng Sun123, Xin Li123, Jinfeng Jiang1, Anchun Cheng123*, Mingshu Wang123*, Dekang Zhu23, Renyong Jia123, Shun Chen123, Yi Zhou3, Xiaoyue Chen23 and Xiaoyu Wang2

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu City, Sichuan, 611130, China

2 Avian Disease Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine of Sichuan Agricultural University, 46 Xinkang Road, Ya’an, Sichuan, 625014, China

3 Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu City, Sichuan, 611130, China

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Virology Journal 2013, 10:89  doi:10.1186/1743-422X-10-89

Published: 16 March 2013

Abstract

Background

A eukaryotic expression plasmid encoding glycoprotein C (gC) of Anatid herpesvirus 1 (AnHV-1) (pcDNA3.1-gC) was constructed and validated. The tissue distribution of chitosan/DNA complexes, liposome/DNA complexes and pcDNA3.1-gC alone were evaluated using a quantitative real-time PCR based TaqMan™ probe following intramuscular administration in ducklings.

Results

Compared with pcDNA3.1-gC alone, liposomes universally increased the plasmid DNA copy number at the injection sites, liver, spleen, heart, brain, bursa of Fabricius, and especially in the enteron (esophagus, duodenum, rectum, and cecum). Chitosan also universally increased the plasmid DNA copy number at the injection sites, liver, spleen, heart, brain and esophagus. Compared with lipoplex-gC, higher chitosan-gC plasmid DNA copy numbers were detected at the injection sites, liver, spleen, heart, brain and esophagus. In contrast, compared with lipoplex-gC, lower copy numbers of chitosan-gC plasmid DNA were detected in the duodenum, rectum and cecum.

Conclusions

The results of this study demonstrated that chitosan and liposomes mediated rapid and extensive plasmid distribution in duck tissues, with low levels maintained from 1 d after DNA vaccination.

Keywords:
DNA vaccine; Tissue distribution; Deliver carrier; Chitosan; Liposome; Anatid herpesvirus 1; Glycoprotein C