Table 2

Presence of β-herpesviruses in human semen
Study HCMV HHV-6A/B HHV-7 Samples from
Aynaud et al. 2002 [9] 6.3% (n = 111) Male partners of females with genital HPV-lesions France
Bantel-Schaal et al. 1993 [29] 0% (n = 63) FCA Germany
Bezold et al. 2001 [11] 3.6% (n = 252) 4.0% (n = 252) 0.4% (n = 252) FCA Germany
Bezold et al. 2007 [12] 8.7% (n = 241) 3.7% (n = 241) FCA Massachusetts
Bresson et al. 2003 [30] 5.3% (n = 197) Sperm donors France
Chen et al. 2013 [14] 21.6% (n = 153) 2.0% (n = 153) FCA China
Diafouka et al. 2007 [31] 14.3% (n = 63) FCA Ivory Coast
Eggert-Kruse et al. 2009 [32] 6.5% (n = 170) Subfertile patients Germany
Erles et al. 2001 [8] A) 14.3% (n = 14) A) Normal sperm quality (SQ) B) Abnormal SQ Germany
B) 0% (n = 43)
Handsfield et al. 1985 [33] A) 22% (n = 18) A) HCMV-positive partner B) HCMV-negative partner USA
B) 0% (n = 42)
Howard et al. 1997 [16] A) 83.3% (n = 24) A) HIV-infected men B) Healthy sperm donors UK
B) 3.5% (n = 115)
Kapranos et al. 2003 [17] 7.1% (n = 113) FCA Greece
Kaspersen et al. 2012 [18] 2.7% (n = 198) 13.5% (n = 198) 4.2% (n = 198) Sperm donors Denmark
Lang and Kummer 1975 [34] A) 9.4% (n = 32) A) University students/personnel B) Patients with venereal infections C) FCA North Carolina
B) 10% (n = 10)
C) 1.1% (n = 185)
Levy et al. 1997 [35] 2.85% (n = 70) Only CMV-IgG positive men France
Lisco et al. 2012 [20] A) 3.5% (n = 28) A) 6% (n = 28) A) 6% (n = 28) Semen plasma from A) HIV-negative men B) HIV-positive men Italy
B) 70% (n = 50) B) 2% (n = 50) B) 12% (n = 50)
Mansat et al. 1997 [36] 5.1% (n = 97) Sperm donors France
McGowan et al. 1983 [21] A) 2.4% (n = 170) A) FCA B) Healthy students Australia
B) 2.5% (n = 40)
Michou et al. 2012 [22] 43% (n = 109) 8.2% (n = 109) 3.6% (n = 109) Men in couples undergoing IVF treatment Spain
Naumenko et al. 2011 [37] A) 11% (n = 91) A) Infertile men B) Fertile men Russia
B) 15% (n = 47)
Neofytou et al. 2009 [23] 56.9% (n = 172) 66.8% (n = 172) 0% (n = 172) FCA Greece
Rinaldo et al. 1992 [24] A) 33% (n = 58) A) HIV-pos. homosexuals B) HIV-neg. homosexuals USA
B) 17% (n = 58)
Shen et al. 1994 [38] 32.7% (n = 217) FCA China
Sherertz et al. 1984 [39] 29.4% (n = 17) Homosexuals USA
Yang et al. 1995 [40] 33.5% (n = 248) FCA Taiwan

Kaspersen and Höllsberg

Kaspersen and Höllsberg Virology Journal 2013 10:226   doi:10.1186/1743-422X-10-226

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